what is Glaucoma?
Glaucoma is a set of disorders that can harm the optic nerve, which serves as the communication channel between the eyes and brain. If neglected, it can lead to permanent vision loss and/or total blindness. Glaucoma is almost always caused by abnormal pressure buildup inside the eye and is more common in patients over the age of 60. Symptoms are usually not noticeable until the later stages but often include blurry vision, eye pain, headaches, and nausea. Approximately two million people in the U.S. have glaucoma, though many of them are undiagnosed. This is why getting routine eye exams are so important. Though there is no cure for glaucoma, it can be slowed with early diagnosis and treatment. Call Baton Rouge Eye Physicians in Baton Rouge, LA today to book an appointment.
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diagnosis and treatment of glaucoma
Glaucoma is diagnosed with a comprehensive eye exam. During this time, we will measure the pressure inside the eye, assess the thickness of the cornea, examine the optic nerve, and check your peripheral vision. If glaucoma is detected, there are a number of therapies that can be used to successfully manage the disease. All of these techniques focus on easing pressure inside the eye to prevent further damage to the optic nerve. Mild cases are often controlled with daily eye drops while more advanced stages are treated with minimally invasive glaucoma surgery (MIGS), laser therapies, and traditional glaucoma surgery.
Frequently Asked Questions About Glaucoma
Can glaucoma affect only one eye?
Though glaucoma typically affects both eyes, one eye can be affected prior to the other one exhibiting symptoms. Since peripheral vision is often affected initially, the full extent of symptoms may not be noticeable for some time. If you are noticing any signs of glaucoma, you should schedule an initial consultation at Baton Rouge Eye Physicians to receive a thorough eye exam.
What is the difference between open-angle and closed-angle glaucoma?
The most common types of glaucoma are diagnosed based on the condition of the trabecular meshwork and the degree of the angle between the iris and cornea. If fluid retention is related to a problem within the trabecular meshwork, it is called open-angle glaucoma. If the retention is related to the pathway between the cornea and iris becoming too tight or blocked, this is known as narrow- or closed-angle glaucoma.
Does glaucoma only affect the elderly?
Studies have proven that glaucoma caused by internal eye pressure can be hereditary. Besides genetics and age, further factors that may impact intraocular pressure include excessive use of corticosteroid eye drops, having particularly thin corneal tissue, being Hispanic, Asian, or African American, and having certain medical conditions, like high blood pressure. However, glaucoma can be related to issues besides eye pressure. When this happens, it is considered secondary glaucoma because it is a byproduct of a separate underlying condition.
Take Control of Glaucoma
Baton Rouge Eye Physicians has helped countless men and women to manage glaucoma effectively with advanced eye care. Early detection and intervention is key to preserving your vision and slowing the progression of glaucoma. If you have noticed a sudden change in your vision or have a family history of glaucoma, we invite you to call our office in Baton Rouge, LA to set up an appointment.